Unit 1

Ratios and Unit Rates

Grade 6




Students examine the concepts of ratio and rate. They use ratio language and ratio notation, and formalize understanding of equivalent ratios. Students solve ratio problems in real world contexts using various tools.  Students understand rate and unit rate, and that a percent of a quantity is a rate per 100. Students express a fraction as a percent and find a percent of a quantity in real world concepts.


Louisiana Student Standards for Mathematics (LSSM)


RP – Ratios and Proportional Relationships

Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems.



Understand the concept of a ratio and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities.  For example, “The ratio of wings to beaks in the bird house at the zoo was 2:1, because for every 2 wings there was 1 beak.” “For every vote candidate A received, candidate C received nearly three votes.”



Understand the concept of a unit rate a/b associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. For example, “This recipe has a ratio of 3 cups of flour to 4 cups of sugar, so there is 3/4 cup of flour for each cup of sugar.” “We paid $75 for 15 hamburgers, which is a rate of $5 per hamburger.”




Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations.

a.    Make tables of equivalent ratios relating quantities with wholenumber measurements, find missing values in the tables, and plot the pairs of values on the coordinate plane. Use tables to compare ratios.

b.    Solve unit rate problems including those involving unit pricing and constant speed. For example, if it took 7 hours to mow 4 lawns, then at that rate, how many lawns could be mowed in 35 hours? At what rate were lawns being mowed?

c.    Find a percent of a quantity as a rate per 100 (e.g., 30% of a quantity means 30/100 times the quantity); solve problems involving finding the whole, given a part and the percent.

d.    Use ratio reasoning to convert measurement units; manipulate and transform units appropriately when multiplying or dividing quantities.

NS- The Number System

Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to divide fractions by fractions



Find the greatest common factor of two whole numbers less than or equal to 100 and the least common multiple of two whole numbers less than or equal to 12.

Use the distributive property to express a sum of two whole numbers 1–100 with a common factor as a multiple of a sum of two whole numbers with no common factor. For example, express 36 + 8 as 4 (9 + 2).




Enduring Understandings:


·   A ratio expresses the comparison between two quantities.

·   A ratio or a rate expresses the relationship between two quantities.

·   Ratio and rate language is used to describe a relationship between two quantities (including unit rates.)

·   A rate is a type of ratio that represents a measure, quantity, or frequency, typically one measured against a different type of measure, quantity, or frequency.

·   Ratio and rate reasoning can be applied to many different types of mathematical and real-life problems


Essential Questions:


·   How can you use mathematics to describe change and model real-world situations?

·   When is it useful to be able to relate one quantity to another?

·   How are ratios and rates similar and different?

·   What is the connection between a ratio and a fraction?

·   How do you use equivalent rates in the real world?