Unit 2

Macbeth by William Shakespeare


English IV    

Unit Length and Description:


Nine Weeks


During this unit, students will examine how authors rework classical stories and themes as they study a famous Shakespearean tragedy. Students will recognize the universality of themes and the importance of literature as a reflection of life. During this unit, students will write in response to a variety of literary texts and complete research papers in which they consult literary criticism and historical materials.  They will engage in discussions resembling college seminars, where they pursue focused questions in depth over the course of several classes.


This unit will focus primarily on craft and structure, as well as writing informative/explanatory and argumentative essays.




Reading Literature

RL.11-12.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful.


RL.11-12.5: Analyze how an author’s choices concerning how to structure specific parts of a text (e.g., the choice of where to begin or end a story, the choice to provide a comedic or tragic resolution) contribute to its overall structure and meaning as well as its aesthetic impact.


RL.11-12.6: Analyze a case in which grasping point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement).


Reading Informational Texts

RI.11-12.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term or terms over the course of a text (e.g., how Madison defines faction in Federalist No. 10).


RI.11-12.5: Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument, including whether the structure makes points clear, convincing, and engaging.


RI.11-12.6: Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is considered particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the student interpretation of power, persuasiveness, or beauty of the text.



W.11-12.1: Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

a.  Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

b.  Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly, supplying the most relevant evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both in a manner that anticipates the audience’s knowledge level, concerns, values, and possible biases.

c.  Use words, phrases, and clauses as well as varied syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims.

d.  Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing.

e.  Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.


W.11-12.6: Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products in response to ongoing feedback, including new arguments or information.


W.11-12.7: Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.


Speaking and Listening

SL.11-12.2: Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make informed decisions and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and noting any discrepancies among the data.


SL.11-12.3: Evaluate a speaker’s point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric, assessing the stance, premises, links among ideas, word choice, points of emphasis, and tone used.



L.11-12.3: Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

a)   a.  Vary syntax for effect, consulting references (e.g., Tufte’s Artful Sentences) for guidance as needed; apply an understanding of syntax to the study of complex texts when reading.


Enduring Understandings:


·        Shakespeare’s works teach his readers life lessons through the flaws of his characters.

·        Power and ambition can cloud the sight of even the most virtuous individual.

·        It is important to maintain virtues in the face of temptation.

·        Responsibility is not something that can be neglected.

·        Although everyone is flawed, once you recognize your flaw(s), it is important to recognize and work to change the flaw(s).


Essential Questions:


·        How can studying the works of Shakespeare impact the way we live our lives?

·        How do power and ambition influence the choices we make?

·        How can we achieve our ambitions without stripping out virtues?

·        What are the differences between being directly or indirectly responsible for events that affect other people?

·        Why should we work to change our flawed existence?